Analytic Assessments of the Economics, Reliability, and Operating Impacts of Wind Power Plants

  • Michael R. Milligan


This paper summarizes a number of projects undertaken at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) that focus on the analysis and modeling of large-scale wind generation. The findings indicate that wind power plants can provide significant economic benefits to the generating system. Potential problems caused by the intermittency of a wind plant can be significantly reduced by accurate wind forecasting, geographic dispersion of turbines within a plant, as well as disperse wind-generating facilities. Wind plants do not require significant backup facilities because risk-analysis techniques assess the risk of system failure on a system-wide basis.