Energy Studies Review <p><strong>Energy Studies Review</strong>, a publication of the <strong>DeGroote School of Business, McMaster University,</strong> is an applied energy policy journal published in Canada.</p> <p>An interdisciplinary journal for energy analysts (published first in 1988), Energy Studies Review's major themes include energy policy, energy and the environment, energy technology, social impacts of energy utilization and surveys of experimental and theoretical approaches.</p> <p>We also publish special issues devoted to specialized topics emerging from conferences or workshops devoted to particular themes. Articles in both English and French are welcome.</p> <p><strong>Energy Studies Review</strong> also hosts conferences and workshops. The most recent conference, "CONSERVATION &amp; DEMAND MANAGEMENT IN A SUSTAINABLE ENERGY FUTURE", took place on Monday June 11, 2012 at the Ron Joyce Centre, McMaster University, Hamilton ON Canada. For more information on past conferences and future events, please go to our <a title="CONFERENCES" href="">Conferences</a> page.</p> <p><strong>Contact Information:</strong></p> <p><strong>Energy Studies Review</strong></p> <p>DeGroote School of Business, McMaster University, DSB-A101 Hamilton ON L8S 4M4 CANADA</p> <p><strong>Tel: 905-525-9140 ext. 24695 Email: <a href=""></a></strong></p> ESR en-US Energy Studies Review 0843-4379 <h2 id="rights">Rights for Authors</h2><p>As further described in our submission agreement (the Submission Agreement), in consideration for publication of the article, the authors assign to <span>Energy Studies Review </span>all copyright in the article, subject to the expansive personal--use exceptions described below.</p><h4>Attribution and Usage Policies</h4><p>Reproduction, posting, transmission or other distribution or use of the article or any material therein, in any medium as permitted by a personal-use exemption or by written agreement of <span>Energy Studies Review</span>, requires credit to <span>Energy Studies Review</span> as copyright holder (e.g., <span>Energy Studies Review</span> © 2014).</p><h4>Personal-use Exceptions</h4><p>The following uses are always permitted to the author(s) and do not require further permission from DigitalCommons@McMaster provided the author does not alter the format or content of the articles, including the copyright notification:</p><ul><li>Storage and back-up of the article on the author's computer(s) and digital media (e.g., diskettes, back-up servers, Zip disks, etc.), provided that the article stored on these computers and media is not readily accessible by persons other than the author(s);</li><li>Posting of the article on the author(s) personal website, provided that the website is non-commercial;</li><li>Posting of the article on the internet as part of a non-commercial open access institutional repository or other non-commercial open access publication site affiliated with the author(s)'s place of employment (e.g., a Phrenology professor at the University of Southern North Dakota can have her article appear in the University of Southern North Dakota's Department of Phrenology online publication series); and</li><li>Posting of the article on a non-commercial course website for a course being taught by the author at the university or college employing the author.</li></ul><p>People seeking an exception, or who have questions about use, should <a href="/esr/about/contact">contact the editors</a>.</p> Causality Relationship between Energy Consumption and Economic Growth in the European Union Countries <p>This study presents the causality relationship between energy consumption and economic growth as a scope of Cobb Douglas production function by using Dynamic Panel Data Analysis for 28 European countries in the 1990-2014 period. The Dynamic Panel Data Analysis method proposed in this study considers the real Gross Domestic Production (GDP) as a dependent variable, while Capital, Labor, and Energy Consumption parameters are considered as independent variables. To indicate the causality relation between GDP and Capital, Labor and Energy Consumption parameters, Arellano-Bond autocorrelation test is applied by taking the first difference of the defined parameters. Furthermore, the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) is used to validate the obtained results of the Arellano-Bond autocorrelation test. The results of this study show that the GDP has a direct relationship with all independent variables-i.e. Capital, Labor, and Energy Consumption. By a predefined value for the increase in these independent variables, each of the dependent variables demonstrates a unique amount of increase.</p> younes gholizadeh Copyright (c) 2021 Energy Studies Review 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 24 2 Oil price change and Economy relationship :A global review using a nonlinear dynamic model for MENA Countries <p>This paper studies the macroeconomic effects of oil price shocks in&nbsp;a selection of MENA countries. The oil price shock is identified by&nbsp;assuming that an individual country's performance does not affect&nbsp;world oil prices. We put particular emphasis on the time-varying&nbsp;relationship between oil prices and macroeconomic variables and&nbsp;implement their approach in a Time-Varying Structural VAR model&nbsp;(TV-SVAR) framework.</p> <p>The main findings are that the macroeconomic effects of oil price&nbsp;shocks have evolved over time in MENA countries. Interestingly,&nbsp;however, we do not find a lot of heterogeneity among the MENA&nbsp;countries they consider, even though their list includes both net&nbsp;oil exporters (Algeria, Bahrain, Iran, Kuwait, Saudia Arabia) and&nbsp;net oil importers (Turkey and Tunisia)&nbsp;</p> Essahbi Essaadi Rafik Jbir Copyright (c) 2021 Energy Studies Review 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 24 2 10.15173/esr.v24i2.4436 Mitigation strategies to enhance the ambition of the nationally determined contributions : an analysis of 4 European countries with the decarbonization wedges methodology <p>&nbsp;</p> <p style="margin: 0cm 0cm 8pt;"><span style="font-family: Calibri;"><span style="font-size: medium;"><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">Greater efforts are needed to bridge the emission gap between Nationally Determined Contributions and the objective to limit climate change below 2&deg;C. This paper focuses on four European-Union countries: Germany, France, Poland and UK that represent on aggregate 55% of current EU emissions. It analyses national mitigation strategies produced by national research teams in the framework of the COP21_RIPPLES project and compatible with a long-term objective leading to a well below 2&deg;C target either as part of an ambition in 2030 limited to that of the NDCs, or as part of more ambitious early action. We use the decarbonization wedges methodology, </span><span lang="EN-US" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-US;">an advanced index decomposition analysis methodology for quantifying the contribution of different mitigation strategies. </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">This makes it possible to assess the priorities for action to strengthen the NDCs. The article also highlights the impact </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB; mso-fareast-language: FR; mso-no-proof: yes;">sectoral growth dynamics have </span><span lang="EN-GB" style="mso-ansi-language: EN-GB;">on the emission trajectories and the resulting necessary mitigation efforts.</span></span></span></p> Sandrine Mathy Philippe Menanteau Copyright (c) 2020 Energy Studies Review 2020-12-30 2020-12-30 24 2 10.15173/esr.v24i2.4454