Can Urban Form Affect Transportation Energy Use and Emissions?
The debate on the type of urban form that is the most efficient with respect to transportation energy consumption and the associated pollutant emissions has produced ambiguous results. This paper contributes to the debate through an analysis of the efficiency of simulated urba nforms for the time period 1991-2021 with the help of IMULATE, an Integrated Transportation and Land Use Model for the Hamilton Census Metropolitan Area. The urban forms analysed are obtained by varying the spatial distribution of the projected household growth in the region. The status quo is compared to a compact urban form and to two multi nucleated forms. The results, albeit ambiguous, demonstrate that the way future scenarios are developed can have a significant impact on inferences drawn from such studies.
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