Decarbonating Energy Systems: The Potential for Reducing CO2 Emissions Through Reduced Energy Intensity in Canada
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the potential in Canada for realizing the energy demand-side component of the 20% CO, reduction target proposed at the 1988 Changing Atmosphere conference in Toronto. It is argued that increased energy efficiency offers the greatest potential for reducing energy intensities and thus C02 emissions. A rough calculation suggests that achieving half the 20% target through increased energy efficiency is technically and economically feasible. However, this will require greatly increasing the rate of improvement in energy efficiency achieved by Canada aver the past 15 years, and would involve significant transformations in energy use patterns. On the basis of an analysis of end-use efficiency potential and the carbon emissions associated with end-use consumption, several priority areas for efficiency improvements are suggested.
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